Social Movements and Collective Behavior Social change does not…

Question Answered step-by-step Social Movements and Collective Behavior Social change does not… Social Movements and Collective BehaviorSocial change does not develop in the abstract. Change comes from the actions of human beings. A social movement is a group that acts with some continuity and organization to promote or resist social change in society. You can see the influence of social movements both now and in the past. What would the United States be like had the civil rights movement not been inspired by Mahatma Gandhi’s liberation movement in India? How has the #BlackLivesMatter movement mobilized people now? In what ways has the feminist movement changed your life? We are even witnessing a proliferation of social movements now influenced in part by the ability to mobilize people through the use of social media, such as the #MeToo movement.Social movements involve groups, sometimes quite large and well organized, that act with some continuity and organization to promote or resist change in society (Turner and Killian 1993). Social movements tend to persist over time, even though they may arise spontaneously. Movements though develop a structure, although they also thrive on spontaneity. Social movements often must swiftly develop new strategies and tactics in their quest for change. During the civil rights movement, students improvised the technique of sit-ins, which quickly spread because they succeeded in gaining attention for the activists’ concerns. This is a tactic that has recently been used by demonstrators who have staged “die-ins” to protest the police shootings of young, African American men.Some social movements aim to change individual behaviors, such as the New Age movement that focuses on personal transformation. Other movements aim to change some aspect of society, such as the gay and lesbian movements that have sought to end discrimination and change public attitudes. Some movements use reform strategies, such as by trying to change laws. Others may be more radical, seeking change in the basic institutions of society. Other social movements are reactionary—that is, organized to resist change or to reinstate an earlier social order that participants perceive to be better.Social movements do not typically develop out of thin air. For a movement to begin, there must be a preexisting communication network (Freeman 1983). The importance of a preexisting communication network is well illustrated by the beginning of the civil rights movement, which most historians date to December 1, 1955, the day Rosa Parks was arrested in Montgomery, Alabama, for refusing to give up her seat to a White man on a municipal bus. Although she is typically understood as simply having been too tired to give up her seat that day, Rosa Parks had been an active member of the movement against segregation in Montgomery. When Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat according to plan, the movement stood ready to mobilize. News of her arrest spread quickly via networks of friends, kin, church, and school organizations (Morris 1999; Robinson 1987).Social movements such as the disability rights movement can raise public awareness and result in new forms of social behavior.Celebrities can also advance the cause of social movements by bringing visibility to the movement, such as when NFL players (begun by Colin Kaepernick) kneeled during the national anthem to bring attention to the treatment of African Americans in society. Whether you agree with this protest or not, it has brought attention to important social movements for racial justice as well as sparking a national discussion about free speech and the right to protest. Andersen, M. L., & Taylor, H. F. (2020). Chapter 16. Environment, Population, and Social Change. In Sociology: The Essentials (10th ed., pp. 426-452). essay, Cengage. Discussion Question: What other examples of celebrities (Podcasters, reality stars, actors/actresses, social media influencers, etc.) championing social movements can you identify? Include the following in your response:The name of the celebrityWhat specific movement they support/ed or promote/d.Has the movement been successful, or how has it influenced social change? Social Science Sociology SOC 300 Share QuestionEmailCopy link Comments (0)

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